RigidbodyFPSWalker

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(I just added the C# translation)
 
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{Javascript}
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==Description==
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This is a rigidbody based first person controller. Traditionally first person controllers are done using the character controller and this is the recommended way, but sometimes you want it to use real physics. So forces automatically affect the rigidbody, and joints can be used to eg. make a rope swinging game.
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The script works by adding a force in the direction of desired movement, it subtracts the current velocity from it, thus when letting go of all keys the character will stop. A maximum velocity change can be specified which will make the character come to reset slower faster and in effect apply more or less force to object the character runs into.
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==Usage==
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You can download a sample project with the complete setup here:
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[[Media:RigidbodyFPS.zip|RigidbodyFPS.zip]]
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==JavaScript - RigidbodyFPSController.js==
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<syntaxhighlight lang="javascript">
 
var speed = 10.0;
 
var speed = 10.0;
 
var gravity = 10.0;
 
var gravity = 10.0;
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private var grounded = false;
 
private var grounded = false;
  
@script RequireComponent(Rigidbody)
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@script RequireComponent(Rigidbody, CapsuleCollider)
  
 
function Awake ()
 
function Awake ()
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return Mathf.Sqrt(2 * jumpHeight * gravity);
 
return Mathf.Sqrt(2 * jumpHeight * gravity);
 
}
 
}
{Javascript}
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</syntaxhighlight>
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==C# - RigidbodyFPSController.cs==
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<syntaxhighlight lang="csharp">
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using UnityEngine;
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using System.Collections;
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[RequireComponent (typeof (Rigidbody))]
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[RequireComponent (typeof (CapsuleCollider))]
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public class CharacterControls : MonoBehaviour {
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public float speed = 10.0f;
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public float gravity = 10.0f;
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public float maxVelocityChange = 10.0f;
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public bool canJump = true;
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public float jumpHeight = 2.0f;
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private bool grounded = false;
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void Awake () {
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    rigidbody.freezeRotation = true;
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    rigidbody.useGravity = false;
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}
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void FixedUpdate () {
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    if (grounded) {
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        // Calculate how fast we should be moving
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        Vector3 targetVelocity = new Vector3(Input.GetAxis("Horizontal"), 0, Input.GetAxis("Vertical"));
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        targetVelocity = transform.TransformDirection(targetVelocity);
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        targetVelocity *= speed;
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        // Apply a force that attempts to reach our target velocity
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        Vector3 velocity = rigidbody.velocity;
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        Vector3 velocityChange = (targetVelocity - velocity);
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        velocityChange.x = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.x, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
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        velocityChange.z = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.z, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
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        velocityChange.y = 0;
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        rigidbody.AddForce(velocityChange, ForceMode.VelocityChange);
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        // Jump
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        if (canJump && Input.GetButton("Jump")) {
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            rigidbody.velocity = new Vector3(velocity.x, CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed(), velocity.z);
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        }
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    }
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    // We apply gravity manually for more tuning control
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    rigidbody.AddForce(new Vector3 (0, -gravity * rigidbody.mass, 0));
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    grounded = false;
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}
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void OnCollisionStay () {
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    grounded = true;   
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}
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float CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed () {
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    // From the jump height and gravity we deduce the upwards speed
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    // for the character to reach at the apex.
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    return Mathf.Sqrt(2 * jumpHeight * gravity);
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}
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}
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</syntaxhighlight>

Latest revision as of 10:25, 7 May 2012

Contents

[edit] Description

This is a rigidbody based first person controller. Traditionally first person controllers are done using the character controller and this is the recommended way, but sometimes you want it to use real physics. So forces automatically affect the rigidbody, and joints can be used to eg. make a rope swinging game.

The script works by adding a force in the direction of desired movement, it subtracts the current velocity from it, thus when letting go of all keys the character will stop. A maximum velocity change can be specified which will make the character come to reset slower faster and in effect apply more or less force to object the character runs into.

[edit] Usage

You can download a sample project with the complete setup here:

RigidbodyFPS.zip

[edit] JavaScript - RigidbodyFPSController.js

var speed = 10.0;
var gravity = 10.0;
var maxVelocityChange = 10.0;
var canJump = true;
var jumpHeight = 2.0;
private var grounded = false;
 
@script RequireComponent(Rigidbody, CapsuleCollider)
 
function Awake ()
{
	rigidbody.freezeRotation = true;
	rigidbody.useGravity = false;
}
 
function FixedUpdate ()
{
	if (grounded)
	{
		// Calculate how fast we should be moving
		var targetVelocity = new Vector3(Input.GetAxis("Horizontal"), 0, Input.GetAxis("Vertical"));
		targetVelocity = transform.TransformDirection(targetVelocity);
		targetVelocity *= speed;
 
		// Apply a force that attempts to reach our target velocity
		var velocity = rigidbody.velocity;
		var velocityChange = (targetVelocity - velocity);
		velocityChange.x = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.x, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
		velocityChange.z = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.z, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
		velocityChange.y = 0;
		rigidbody.AddForce(velocityChange, ForceMode.VelocityChange);
 
		// Jump
		if (canJump && Input.GetButton("Jump"))
		{
			rigidbody.velocity = Vector3(velocity.x, CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed(), velocity.z);
		}
	}
 
	// We apply gravity manually for more tuning control
	rigidbody.AddForce(Vector3 (0, -gravity * rigidbody.mass, 0));
 
	grounded = false;
}
 
function OnCollisionStay ()
{
	grounded = true;	
}
 
function CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed ()
{
	// From the jump height and gravity we deduce the upwards speed 
	// for the character to reach at the apex.
	return Mathf.Sqrt(2 * jumpHeight * gravity);
}



[edit] C# - RigidbodyFPSController.cs

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;
 
[RequireComponent (typeof (Rigidbody))]
[RequireComponent (typeof (CapsuleCollider))]
 
public class CharacterControls : MonoBehaviour {
 
	public float speed = 10.0f;
	public float gravity = 10.0f;
	public float maxVelocityChange = 10.0f;
	public bool canJump = true;
	public float jumpHeight = 2.0f;
	private bool grounded = false;
 
 
 
	void Awake () {
	    rigidbody.freezeRotation = true;
	    rigidbody.useGravity = false;
	}
 
	void FixedUpdate () {
	    if (grounded) {
	        // Calculate how fast we should be moving
	        Vector3 targetVelocity = new Vector3(Input.GetAxis("Horizontal"), 0, Input.GetAxis("Vertical"));
	        targetVelocity = transform.TransformDirection(targetVelocity);
	        targetVelocity *= speed;
 
	        // Apply a force that attempts to reach our target velocity
	        Vector3 velocity = rigidbody.velocity;
	        Vector3 velocityChange = (targetVelocity - velocity);
	        velocityChange.x = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.x, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
	        velocityChange.z = Mathf.Clamp(velocityChange.z, -maxVelocityChange, maxVelocityChange);
	        velocityChange.y = 0;
	        rigidbody.AddForce(velocityChange, ForceMode.VelocityChange);
 
	        // Jump
	        if (canJump && Input.GetButton("Jump")) {
	            rigidbody.velocity = new Vector3(velocity.x, CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed(), velocity.z);
	        }
	    }
 
	    // We apply gravity manually for more tuning control
	    rigidbody.AddForce(new Vector3 (0, -gravity * rigidbody.mass, 0));
 
	    grounded = false;
	}
 
	void OnCollisionStay () {
	    grounded = true;    
	}
 
	float CalculateJumpVerticalSpeed () {
	    // From the jump height and gravity we deduce the upwards speed 
	    // for the character to reach at the apex.
	    return Mathf.Sqrt(2 * jumpHeight * gravity);
	}
}
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